There are two convenient ways in which a foreign company can establish its presence on the Swiss market. One of them is to establish a branch in Switzerland and the other is to open a subsidiary. The choice belongs to the mother company abroad and it depends on a series of factors, such as liability, taxation or company management issues.
The choice to open a company in Switzerland
should be well assessed and our team of experts
can help you make the right choice and, in this sense, it is necessary to mention that the branch office
represents a type of legal entity that is dependent to its parent company abroad
. Our team of consultants in company formation in Switzerland
can assist businessmen with advice on the documents that have to be prepared when opening a Swiss branch
The main characteristics of a Swiss branch
When an entrepreneur wants to open a Swiss company
, the choice to establish a branch
depends on the degree of autonomy the new business structure needs to have in relation to the parent company. The most important particularity of the Swiss branch
is its dependence to the mother company
foreign company is fully liable for the debts and responsibilities of the Swiss branch
and our team of specialists in company formation in Switzerland
can advise on this matter.
A Swiss branch
does not have a separate legal personality but still has to be registered with the Swiss Companies Registe
r. Unlike a subsidiary, the branch
is easier to incorporate and does not require a minimum share capital. Double taxation treaties can favor the taxation of branches in Switzerland
. Our company registration experts in Switzerland
can offer more information on the taxation and management of the branch
Opening a branch in Switzerland
needs to be registered at Swiss Companies Register
. The parent company needs to provide a number of relevant documents in order to register the branch
. The list of documents includes: identification details of the parent company and its certificate of incorporation, details regarding the share capital
, the number and types of shares, the
minutes of the board meeting during which it was decided to open a branch in Switzerland
official designated individuals
who will manage the Swiss branch
. Other important aspects are the following:
- • provide a certified copy of the parent company’s articles of association (the main statutory documents of a legal entity);
- • a certified document attesting the parent’s company registration with the Commercial Register (if applicable);
- • a certified document which mentions the members of the board of directors, including their names, nationality and place or residence;
- • a document attesting that at least one of the company’s directors has a Swiss residency;
- • the company’s documents that will be submitted with the Swiss authorities have to be translated and notarized in the official language of the canton in which the branch office is located.
Some of the documents need to be translated into French, German or Italian. Our Swiss company incorporation specialists
can help you legalize the documents and submit them with the relevant authorities. However, it is necessary to know that certain offices of the Commercial Register in Switzerland
also accept official documents in English, but this can vary based on the language experience of the persons working in the respective institution.
When starting a branch office in Switzerland, the representatives of the parent company must also provide additional documents. For instance, it is necessary to add to the application a certified document that shows the parent company’s share capital, but also the parent company’s auditors.
As presented above, the company needs to provide the minutes of the meeting when the decision of opening a branch in this country was taken. This document has to be signed by the company’s board of directors and presented in original with the Swiss authorities. This document should present the following information:
- • the decision itself to register a branch office in a foreign country (in this case, Switzerland);
- • the name under which the branch office will operate in Switzerland;
- • the persons appointed to represent the branch office that will be registered in this country;
- • the signatory rights assigned to the branch office’s representatives in Switzerland;
- • the address of the Swiss branch and the purpose for which it is incorporated in this country.
What are the tax requirements for a Swiss branch?
It is necessary to register the branch office
with the Federal Tax Administration in Switzerland
value added tax purposes. One of the benefits of registering a branch office in Switzerland
is that it can benefit from an
exemption of the payment of the withholding tax to the parent company, applicable at a rate of 35%.
In the situation in which a double tax agreement
is concluded with the country in which the parent company is a tax resident, the branch office
can also benefit from an exemption on the profits obtained in Switzerland
. A branch in Switzerland
is legally required to submit value added tax (VAT) returns, which have to be prepared on a quarterly and yearly basis.
What are the other legal obligations of a Swiss branch?
Foreign investors who have decided to open a company in Switzerland
as a branch office
have to respect other legal obligations, besides the ones presented up until now. For example, the branch office
needs to have a corporate trading name that follows the Swiss legislation
The basic structure of a suitable trading name for a Swiss branch office should include the following: the name of the company, the place where the company’s headquarters is located, the place where the branch office in Switzerland is incorporated, as well as the usage of the words “branch office”.
As we presented above, the Swiss branch office needs to be represented by persons who have been appointed for this particular matter. The persons who are authorized to represent the Swiss branch office have to be registered with the Commercial Register, in the sense that their names (and legal powers) have to be presented to the institution.
When assigning persons who will have the right to represent the Swiss branch, their registration with the Commercial Registry should also mention that they are only entitled to act on behalf of the branch, and not for the entire company (they do not have the right to represent the parent company abroad).
In order to be the representative of a branch office in Switzerland, the person must only comply with certain residency requirements – he or she has to be a resident of this country and it is absolutely necessary to have the respective person authorized for this action through the Commercial Register.
When opening a company in Switzerland
through a branch office
, it is necessary to know that the Swiss commercial legislation
will apply for all company matters, and not the law of the parent company, even though the branch is subordinated to its parent company
A branch office
incorporated here can start a litigation case (and it can also be sued), following the applicable Swiss legislation
, as long as the matter of conflict is related to the branch office’s activities
. Foreign investors can request legal representation in a litigation case from our team of consultants in company registration in Switzerland
, who can assist with legal advice on the procedures that must be followed in the case of commercial entities.
Furthermore, those who consider registering a branch office
here also have the obligation of lodging the parent company’s financial statements with the Companies Registry in Switzerland
. From a tax point of view, the Swiss branch
has to prepare the same types of returns as the ones of the parent company (regarding the company’s employees
, corporate taxation on other similar tax obligations).
can also help investors in opening a bank account for the branch in Switzerland
. Please do not hesitate to contact our team of consultants in company registration in Switzerland
for any other matter regarding the incorporation of a Swiss branch
, which may be set up as a limited liability company, company limited by shares or general/limited partnership.